Coordinates: N56 58 E21 58 Ref. The sole responsibility for the content of each Tentative List lies with the State Party concerned. Latvian dating culture publication of the Tentative Lists does not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever of the World Heritage Committee or of the World Heritage Centre or of the Secretariat of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its boundaries.
Courland governed this significant part of the Baltics between and and left its legacy in the wider geopolitical region. The proposed area covers the preth century urban expansion and its significant environmental setting. The property is preserved mostly in its condition of the late 18th and latvian dating culture 19th century.
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- Kuldīga (Goldingen) - UNESCO World Heritage Centre
It therefore includes the complete historic testimony of Courland retained until present, particularly legible in the unchanged urban layout, composition of urban volumes, architectural testimony and cityscape. Later abandonment of houses following the Great Plague and individual fires necessitated the construction of a number of late 18th and subsequently 19th century buildings, which retain the shape, volume, style and decorative forms of the earlier structures.
In addition, the dukes re-utilized a previously built medieval castle of the Livonian Order, which did never signify Courland in its architectural language. Due to the rigorous legal protection of the historic city and the well-managed urban conservation zone, the property is largely free of threats, which could be considered to affect the old town negatively in the future.
It illustrates continuity in function and use as residences, auxiliary structures or commercial spaces for the resident community. The old town further preserved its authenticity in setting and location, having preserved not only its urban layout and volume but also its environment in terms of the wider cityscape, in particular, when viewed from the opposite banks of the Venta River.
Consistent state protection since and a stringently managed urban conservation zone preserved by means of latvian dating culture urban conservation plan, integrating a programmed approach to conservation and maintenance work, has preserved the historic fabric and continues to produce conservation results at highest international standards. Despite it being a vassal state of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, Courland succeeded in gaining relative political independence, acting with a sovereignty far beyond that of other regional powers, and establishing diplomatic and trade relations with numerous major European states and Russia.
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Located in the centre of the opposing powers of Sweden, Poland-Lithuania and Russia, it furthermore stood out due to its political neutrality and early liberal policies, acting as both buffer, mediator and refuge. On an international scale, the only duchy comparable in its degree of political and economic independence as well as international recognition is the Duchy of Prussia, the distinctiveness of which has been recognised multiple times through its architectural testimonies on the World Heritage list.
The Museum Island in Berlin, the Palaces and Parks of Potsdam and Berlin, and the Castles of Augustusburg and Falkenlust at Brühl all speak of the great achievements of Prussia on both an architectural and a scientific-intellectual level. In terms of trade relations, diplomacy and colonial activities, however, Courland was far more advanced than Prussia.
Yet, Courland and its physical testimony is not currently recognised on the World Heritage list. Hence, only the contemporary Latvian territory can bear witness to this astonishing period of relevance to global history, which requires a comparative analysis predominantly at a national level.
Due to its geopolitical location as a buffer zone between opposing powers, Courland became the battleground latvian dating culture multiple wars, such as the Polish-Swedish War and the Great Nordic War Finally, the Second World War destroyed most of what was left when, inthe front latvian dating culture between German and Soviet Troops was placed in the Jelgava region for three months. The traces of the different wars, in addition to other conflicts and plundering, tremendously reduce the ability of most Latvian towns to authentically demonstrate the Outstanding Universal Value of the Duchy.
Across the country, the most prominent remains dating back to the 16th to 18th century are the respective churches, latvian dating culture of which have been altered since. Regarding the castles, the existing remnants are either highly latvian dating culture or in ruins, sprüche für kennenlernen the castles of Ventspils, Bauska and Aizpute. Whereas the Couronian castles were reutilized Livonian Order castles and hence latvian dating culture not represent Couronian architecture, a number of palaces was built on ducal order in the 18th century.
Unfortunately, Jelgava palace had to be entirely reconstructed in the s after having burnt out.
Kandava, Talsi, and Bauska. The harbour towns of Liepaja and Ventspils each have remnants of trade and storage buildings, which at times however lack authenticity due to later alterations.
Kuldiga is the last and only major administrative centre and latvian dating culture of ruler of Courland which survived to present times and can hence provide testimony to this era in a way that no other town can.
Given the intense war history of the described territory, it is in fact astonishing that the town could preserve such a significant amount of its historical urban fabric.